ヒスパニック チャーチ Hispanic churches
Religion has always played a vital role in the Latino community. The impact of 32 million Latinos on American religion, politics and civic life is all the more important as they are slated to become the largest U.S. minority group by 2010. Hispanic political and civic leaders such as César Chávez, Dolores Huerta, Reies López Tijerina and Luís Rivera Muñoz all drew upon religious imagery, symbolism, rhetoric and material resources in their struggle for political and social justice. Despite this fact, little has been written concerning the dynamic relationship between religion and civic engagement in the Latino community. The purpose of the Hispanic Churches in American Public Life study is to explore the various ways the Hispanic religious community has shaped political and civic engagement in American public life. The study will also seek to answer a number of pressing questions about Latino participation in politics and civic life, including:
• What impact have Hispanic churches and religious communities had on political and civic engagement in the Latino community?
• How does this impact differ according to regional, gender, religious, class and sub-ethnic group differences?
• How do Catholics differ from mainline Protestants, and mainline Protestants from Pentecostals, in their level and type of political affiliation and civic participation?
• How do Mexican-Americans in the Southwest differ from Cubans in Miami, and how do Puerto Ricans in New York City differ from those on the island, in their civic and political participation?
• How are churches trying to address key social problems?
• How have churches served as resources and catalysts for social change?
• How do Hispanic women differ from Hispanic men in their political and civic participation?
• How do Hispanic Catholics, mainline Protestants, Evangelicals, Pentecostals and new religious movements differ, if at all, from their Anglo-American and African-American counterparts?
Goals and Objectives
•Examine the impact of Catholic, mainline Protestant, Evangelical, Pentecostal and new religious communities on American politics and civic life.
•Examine presidential election voting patterns, type and level of civic and political engagement, religious affiliation, church-state debates, and regional and sub-ethnic group variation on these and related topics.
•Determine and respond to the needs of churches and religious communities attempting to engage in American public life.
•Stimulate creative discussion on the intersection of religion and political and civic life
• Spotlight the vital contributions and perspectives of women in religion and civic life.
Scope and Methodology
After the two national surveys have been completed, community profiles will be conducted in each of the above-mentioned Latino communities. In each community profile, we will examine a Latino Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, mainline Protestant, Evangelical and/or new religious movement congregation.